It is a chronic skin condition that usually causes redness on the cheeks and nose. It can also cause eye problems.

Although the cause is still not known yet, but scientists are still working to determine the causes, as the following have been observed:

  • Inflammation contributes to some of the main symptoms (e.g.: skin redness and rash), but they don't fully understand why inflammation occurs.
  • Rosacea runs in families.
  • Increased skin sensitivity in people with rosacea.
  • Environmental irritants (such as: ultraviolet (UV) radiation, and microbes that inhabit the skin).

Rosacea is a long-term condition the symptoms of which are flare-ups, including:

  • Redness of the face accompanied by tingling or burning, and the redness may turn into roughness and peeling.
  • Areas of facial redness can develop into red or pus-filled bumps and acne-like pimples.
  • Visible blood vessels. These usually appear as thin red lines on the cheeks and nose.
  • Thickening of the skin, especially on the nose, which gives the nose an enlarged and swollen appearance. This is one of the most severe symptoms and mostly affects men.
  • Eye irritation (pink eye), where there is pain, redness and itching of the eye.
  • Swelling and redness of the eyelids, especially at the base of the eyelashes.
  • Feeling of sand in the eye

The condition usually affects the center of the face, but in rare cases it can extend to other parts of the body (e.g.: sides of the face, ears, neck, scalp, and chest).

Risk factors:
Anyone can get rosacea, but it's most common among these groups:

  • Advance age as it affects middle-aged and elderly adults.
  • Sexually, it affects women, but when it does affect men it tends to be more severe.
  • People with a family history of rosacea may be more susceptible.
  • People with fair skin, but it may not be diagnosed in people with darker skin because dark skin can mask facial redness.

Rosacea cannot be completely cured, but treatment aims to control symptoms, prevent worsening of the condition and complications, and improve quality of life with self-care and some treatments. Most people respond well to treatment, but improvement is usually gradual and can take 3 months or longer to see results.
While treatment is usually long-term, there may be times when symptoms improve and medications can be temporarily discontinued.
Various treatment methods include skin creams or antibiotic pills prescribed by a doctor, as well as laser treatment or surgery.

Instructions for those with rosacea:

  • Avoid exposure to the sun by wearing wide-brimmed hats and using a sunscreen with a sun protection factor of 30 or more.
  • Avoid irritants (e.g. extreme temperatures, wind, spicy foods, stress and strenuous exercise).
  • Use a skin care routine with unscented cleansers and moisturizers.
  • Avoid cleaners that contain abrasive or peeling agents, that contain alcohol, acetone, and perfumes.
  • Avoid any skincare products that sting, burn, or cause redness.
  • Clean the skin when you wake up and before going to bed helps remove oils and dirt that can irritate the skin.
  • Moisturize the skin on a daily basis.
  • Dry the skin with a thick cotton towel, while avoiding rubbing or pulling the skin during drying or using a rough towel.
  • Take good care of your eyes when there are symptoms. The doctor may recommend gently cleaning your eyelids with an eyelid cleanser and applying a warm compress several times a day.

Last Update : 21 August 2023 01:50 PM
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