Diabetes-related Diseases

Gestational Diabetes


  • Gestational diabetes is any change in blood sugar levels that is diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy, whether the condition continues after childbirth or not.
  • In gestational diabetes, blood sugar usually returns to normal after delivery. 
  • This condition develops when placental hormones prevent the body from using insulin effectively, which leads to sugar remaining in the blood instead of being absorbed by the cells.
  • The condition is diagnosed as ‘gestational diabetes’, whether the female requires insulin or just some adjustments in her diet.
Risk factors:
Any pregnant woman can develop gestational diabetes, but some women are at greater risk due to the following factors:
  • Aging;
  • Family history;
  • Overweight;
  • Previous delivery of an infant with high birth weight.
  • High birth weight
  • Low blood sugar shortly after birth
  • Fetal abnormalities
  • Increased chances of developing preeclampsia
Treatment may vary based on age, health status and other factors. Some treatment options may include:
  • Dietary modifications;
  • Exercising;
  • Insulin.
Guidelines for pregnant women:
  • Maintain and monitor blood glucose levels at home, and record the results.
  • Follow up with pregnancy clinics and diabetes clinics regularly and on time.
  • Stick to a healthy diet as instructed by the nutritionist.
  • Exercise as instructed by your doctor.
  • Examine your urine every day, to ensure that it is free from ketones.
  • Avoid using diabetes medications or any other medications.

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Last Update : 08 December 2020 11:24 AM
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